Hindustan Gadar Party, founded in 1913 during the
struggle for India's independence from British rule,
was originally located in San Francisco. The headquarters,
otherwise known as "Yugantar Ashram", was where the
revolutionary group known as "The Freedom Fighters
of the Hindustan Gadar Party" was formed and remained
active from 1913 to 1917. "Yuganta Ashram" was also
the place where the Freedom Fighters launched and
published a weekly paper called "Gadar" to enhance
the cause of Indian Independence from oppressive British
Gadar movement later moved its headquarters to "5
Wood Street". It was not long that the Gadar Party's
popularity grew and the movement was then called "Gadar
Ashram". Imbued with the spirit of revolution, the
Gadar Hall of San Francisco created an atmosphere
for citizens from India to organize a printing press
that resonated its messages around the world. The
place also held private meetings though it is believed
that the British Intelligence agency knew of its existence.
August 1914, the Gadar Movement called on Indians
worldwide to return to India to fight the British
and regain it's country's freedom. About 8,000 Indians
in North America alone were said to have returned
to India for this cause. However, the British captured
most Indians upon their return and sent many of them
jail. Some Indians were even hanged.
Their courage sparked thousands worldwide to carry
the mission. The Gadar Building in San Francisco now
serves as a memorial and a symbol of the sacrifices
of martyrs of the freedom for India.
winning it's freedom, the US Consulate handed over
the "Gadar Ashram" to the government of India in an
act of goodwill. At that time, the building was in
need for repairs and upgrades. From 1952 the local
Indian community and the Government of India, sanctioned
$83,000 US dollars for restoration work, which completed
in 1974 .
Swaran Singh performed a groundbreaking ceremony,
the then Minister of External Affairs. Shri T.N.Kaul,
at that time India's Ambassador to US in March 1975,
finally inaugurated the Gadar Memorial.